Sunrise falls on the Texas Governor's Mansion in Austin Texas USA in May 1952.jpg
Gov. Allan Shivers’ term: central heating and air conditioning are installed during Gov. Allan Shivers’ term (1949-1957). Shivers also brought the first television set to the mansion two years later. Before his election as governor in 1946, Shivers fought in World War II, serving in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany. Shivers served as governor for more than seven years, making him Texas’ longest-serving governor until Gov. Rick Perry broke that record. Shivers is most famous for his insistence that state, rather than federal, authority extended over off-shore drilling operations in Texas, known as the “Tidelands” issue. He broke with the Democratic Party over the matter and supported Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952. Accused of disloyalty to the Democratic Party, he lost popularity in his last years as governor — and wasn’t helped by his opposition to Brown v. Board of Education, which legally ended segregation.